November 27, 2018

MomentJS

MomentJS is a JavaScript library which helps is parsing, validating, manipulating and displaying date/time in JavaScript in a very easy way. This chapter will provide an overview of MomentJS and discusses its features in detail.

Moment JS allows displaying of date as per localization and in human readable format. You can use MomentJS inside a browser using the script method. It is also available with Node.js and can be installed using npm.

In MomentJS, you can find many easy to use methods to add, subtract, validate date, get the maximum, minimum date etc. It is an open source project and you can easily contribute to the library and add features in the form of plugins and make it available on GitHub and in Node.js.

Features

Let us understand in detail all the important features available with MomentJS −

Parsing

Parsing allows you to parse the date in the format required. Parsing of date is available in string, object and array. It allows you to clone the moment using moment.clone. There are methods available which gives the date output in UTC format.

Date Validation

Date Validation is very easy with MomentJS. You can use the method isValid() and check whether the date is valid or not. MomentJS also provides many parsing flags which can be used to check for date validation.

Manipulation

There are various methods to manipulate Date and Time on the moment object. add, subtract, startoftime, endoftime, local, utc, utcoffset etc., are the methods available which gives details required on date/time in MomentJS.

Get/Set

Get/Set allows to read and set the units in the date. It allows to change as well as read hour , minute, seconds, millisecond, date of month, day of week, day of year, week of year, month, year, quarter, week year, weeks in year, get/set, maximum , minimum etc. Get /Set is a very helpful feature available in MomentJS.

Display

Display provides formats to display date in different ways. There are methods available which tells the time from a given moment, from the current moment, difference between two moments etc. It allows to display date in JSON format, Array, Object, String etc.

Date Queries

Date Queries has easy to use methods which tells if the date is greater or lesser than the input, in between the dates given, is a leap year, is a moment, is a date etc. It is very useful with date validation.

Durations

Durations is one of the important features in MomentJS. It basically handles length of the time for given units. The humanize method available displays date in a human readable format.

Internationalization

Internationalization is yet another important features in MomentJS. You can display Date and Time based on locale. The locale can be applied to a specific moment if required. You will get a minified file from the MomentJS home site which has all the locales. In case you are dealing with a specific locale, you can also add just that locale file and work with it. The names of months, weeks and days are displayed in the locale specified.

Customization

MomentJS allows customization to the locale created. You can customize month names, month abbreviation, weekday names, weekday abbreviation, long date format, and calendar format for a defined locale as per your requirements.

Utilities

Utilities comes with two methods: normalize units and invalid. They are used with the moment and helps us change or customize the output as we need. It also allows to set our own custom validation on the moment object.

Plugins

Plugins are additional features of MomentJS. There are many plugins added to calendars, date format, parsing, date ranges, precise range etc. You can add your own plugins and make them available with Node.js and GitHub.